I started by hand planing the surfaces to remove any mill marks. I then started laying out to raise the panels. There are couple options here. You can put the raised portion on the inside making it a flat panel or put the raised portion on the outside, which is what the customer wanted. You can also make a fielded panel or a non-fielded panel. Basically, the difference is that a fielded panel has a lip making a central raised part on the entire panel. A non-fielded panel is where the bevel just comes right up and terminates at the surface with no step. That is what the customer wanted so that is what I am doing here. I use the table saw with a zero clearance insert to cut the panels. This process is a little scary, great care must be taken and a push stick is an absolute necessity.
Really the whole process can be done totally by hand, which I have done many times. I actually do go back with a plane and clean up the bevels to clean up the saw marks and even the bevels up.
On these panels, I put a rabbet on the other side, so I could make the panel the full thickness of the frame. I also made some frames for the interior of the case for the drawers to run on. I made the interior frames out of soft maple with full mortise and tenon construction.
The next step is to scrape and sand the panels before gluing up the frame and panels. I can’t say enough good about the Stanley No. 80 scraper, it is an amazing tool. You can scrape panels with zero tearout, regardless of the grain direction.
I am using hide glue for gluing up the frame and panels. I first started by dry fitting everything together and then carefully laid out prior to gluing.
I have been using hide glue more and more, primarily because it has such wonderful properties: one is that it does not “lock” the joint when you are trying to glue up. In other words, it allows the joint, even if it’s tight, to slip right in place and allows you to move the piece to location. I added a small bit of urea to extend the working time of the glue.
Next step is to start cutting the inside joinery for the frames for the drawers to run on. So stay tuned!